Stable angina pectoris is characterised by typical exertional chest pain that is relieved by rest or nitrates. Angina is caused by myocardial ischaemia. Chronic stable angina has a consistent duration and severity, and is provoked by a predictable level of exertion. It can also be provoked by emotional stress. The pain is relieved by rest or short-acting nitrates.

Patients should have an ECG and undergo assessment for cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes and hyperlipidaemia. An echocardiograph can help with the assessment of left ventricular function. Beta-blockers and calcium channel antagonists remain first-line options for treatment, while short-acting nitrates can be used for symptoms.

Related Articles


ISCHEMIA Trial and the Significance of MI

Eduardo A Arias, Félix Damas-de los Santos, Heriberto Ontiveros-Mercado,


Citation: Interventional Cardiology Review 2020;15:e14.

How to Diagnose and Manage Angina Without Obstructive CAD

Tom Ford, Colin Berry,


Citation: Interventional Cardiology Review 2019;14(2):76–82.

Revascularisation in STEMI Patients

Matthias Hasun, Franz Weidinger,

Citation: Interventional Cardiology Review 2018;13(3):129–34.

ORBITA: What Goes Around, Comes Around… Or Does It?

Matthew Jackson, Azfar Zaman,

Citation: Interventional Cardiology Review 2018;13(3):135–6.